History of the .38 Super Auto

.38 Super's legendary climb

In 1929, law enforcement faced a dilemma. Their ammunition was no longer effective against the gangsters and bootleggers. The gangsters had taken to wearing ballistics vests and often shot from inside autos, both of which were impenetrable by an average ammunition round. As a result, Colt developed the .38 Super Auto. The round was supposedly based on the .38 Automatic Colt Pistol, but designed to be used in a 1911 style semi-automatic, magazine-fed pistol. The .38 Super uses a .356-inch 130 grain lead projectile, housed in a semi-rimmed, straight-walled case measuring .900 inch. The total length of the cartridge 1.280 inches.

The Super Auto cartridge carries more powder than the .38 Auto, which makes it a more powerful round. The .38 Auto’s 130 grain cartridge had a muzzle velocity of 1,050 feet per second (fps). Since the .38 Super used more powder and higher pressure, its velocity is 1,280 fps. Sadly, law enforcement stopped using the Super Auto when, in 1934, the .357 Magnum entered the market.

Development of the .38 Super Auto

Experts say that there are discrepancies in the origin of the .38 Super. It is commonly believed that the round was based on the .38 ACP. Law enforcement did require a stronger round than the .38 and 9mm, but could deliver a better performance than the powerhouse .45 ACP. Colt offered a solution in the .38 Auto. Secondly, some claim that the development of the .38 Super was an afterthought. The 1911-style pistol had been introduced, designed to fire .38 ACP. Shortly after it was introduced, wildcatters began to handload their own version of the round, increasing the powder load. Colt heard about the change and began to produce a similar version which they named the .38 Super Auto. The name .38 “Super” was simply a way to distinguish it from the traditional .38 Auto.

Law Enforcement

The FBI adopted the .38 Super partly because of its carry capacity. It could hold 9 to 11 cartridges in a single stack, which was much larger than what was offered by the .38 Special. The .38 Super could also penetrate body armor. This was a benefit with the rise of American gangsters who openly fought police, and often used their cars as shields against return fire.

However, police weren’t the only ones who adopted the .38 Super. John Dillinger, infamous bank robber and all-around bad guy, carried a .38 Super when he was apprehended by police.

He also owned a custom-built, fully automatic Colt M1911A1. Dillinger had the gun modified to include a Cutts compensator and a magazine with extra capacity.

In 1941, Colt shifted its focus from law enforcement to the military due to WWII. The war changed the face of munitions, and the .38 Super all but disappeared for nearly 40 years.

Popularity Worldwide

The .38 Super never lived up to its potential in the U.S. However, the round has been widely used in other countries such as Australia, Mexico, Canada, and South America, where civilians are banned from using guns chambered in military cartridges, such as the .45 ACP or 9mm.

Picking the Perfect .45 Ammo

Finding the perfect ammunition

When you get that masterpiece of a gun – a .45 Automatic Colt Pistol (ACP) – the first thing you want to do is shoot. That’s natural, but it’s hard to do without the right ammunition. Experts have debated the perfect ammo ever since the weapon was introduced. It was designed by John Moses Browning in 1905. Hobbyists want to take the gun out on to the range or to a competition while others want to use it for self-defense or home protection. So, the question remains – what is the perfect .45 ammo? If you’re looking for one brand or type of ammo to use as an all purpose round, you’re going to be disappointed. Some ammo will work well enough for all applications but won’t be ideal: self-defense rounds require ultimate stopping power that is best found in a hollow point, while target practice can use a less aggressive, less expensive round.

Choosing the Type of Ammo

The first thing you should do is decide what the ammo will be used for and then pick the type of ammo that will work best. .45 ammo comes in two styles: Full Metal Jacket (FMJ) and Jacketed Hollow Points (JHP).

Full Metal Jackets

FMJ ammo has a soft lead core encased in a copper jacket. It offers good penetration, but since there is no expansion, it is best used as a target round. If the round is used in a self-defense situation, it could over-penetrate and cause collateral damage.

Jacketed Hollow Points

JHP is the number one choice for a self-defense round. It features a lead core encased in a copper jacket, but unlike the FMJ, it does have expansion. The core of the bullet will expand upon impact, creating a larger channel than the FMJ. However, the copper jackets will slow down the round so over penetration is unlikely.

Testing the Ammunition

Enthusiasts know that the best way to find the right ammo is to do your homework. You can run a search and find out what others are using, and then based on the results, choose what is most appealing to you.

The Process

Testers use the following to determine the ballistics of ammunition. The tests will give you a good idea of what to expect and how to run your own tests. The tests are performed with a compact pistol, which is ideal for concealed carry. A gun with a larger barrel will yield high numbers for muzzle velocity and penetration.

  • Fire 5 shots of each with each brand of ammo to achieve a good average.
  • Shots should be fired from 10 feet away, the average distance in most defense situations.
  • Place 4 layers of fabric in front of ballistics gel to simulate real life situations; the fabric mimics heavy clothing.
  • Ideal penetration for the ammo iss 12-18 inches; shows adequate stopping power without over-penetration.

Regardless of which ammunition brand or style you choose, there is no substitute for practice. Never wait until a situation calls for action to learn how your new ammunition will perform.

Fiocchi: Born at the Right Time

 

Fiocchi Ammunition

Fate has a way of stepping in at the right moment. Giulio Fiocchi discovered fate when he went to collect on an overdue loan made by his bank in 1876.

A bank in Milan, Italy employed Fiocchi as an accountant and he was sent to Lecco to visit the deliquent manufacturer of muskets and black powder. Fiocchi researched the company’s ability to pay the loan and found it was not possible. The accountant returned to Milan thinking about the opportunity to buy the bankrupt company. Giulio spoke with his brother Giacomo and, together, the men decided to go into the ammunition business. Fiocchi’s bank lent money to the brothers to begin their business, Giulio Fiocchi Enterprises.

Never Say Die

The Fiocchi brothers founded Fiocchi Ammunition (Fiocchi Munizioni in Italian) at the right time in history. The breech-loader had replaced the muzzle-loader, so Fiocchi began to make reloadable primer cases. Black powder went the way of the dinosaur, and Fiocchi adapted once again.

Pre-war, Fiocchi was dedicated to making ammunition for sport shooting and hunting. During World War I they had the opportunity to produce ammo for the Italian army. The Fiocchi factory was seized by Germans in World War II, but the employees were able to hold them off on the ground. However, the employees failed to keep Allied planes from destroying the factory.

The Fiocchi family rebuilt a new factory in 1946. This enabled Fiocchi to make more advanced ammunition, encouraging expansion and new partnerships through the 1950s and 1960s.

Innovators

Initially they were throwing away its scrap metal. The company found a way of recouping the money spent on the metal. In addition to manufacturing ammo, the company began to make metal snaps. The garment industry bought the snaps which became a staple in fashion. One of the largest clothing manufacturers in the world bought the snap manufacturing business in the 1980s.

Fiocchi gave to the community that supported his manufacturing operations. In 1904, the company built houses for its workers to ensure that they had nice places to live. They also provided childcare and medical care to their employees and still do to this day.

Fiocchi of America, Inc.

Fiocchi came to the U.S. in a roundabout way. In the 1950s, the company shared a factory with Smith & Wesson in Illinois. The companies had disagreements and Fiocchi sold its shares, halting their presence in the Americas. Then in 1980, Carlo Fiocchi, the great-grandson of Giulio Fiocchi, came to the United States on his honeymoon. Carlo researched the possibility of the company’s return to the U.S. and, in 1983, Fiocchi of America began to import products.

Consumers bought ammunition faster than it could be imported from Italy. Carlo met with Paolo Fiocchi, the company president, to discuss building a manufacturing plant stateside. History repeated itself when Fiocchi purchased land from a farmer that had been unable to pay his mortgage. The locals embraced Fiocchi as they provided good jobs for the region. Today, the company sells over 75 percent of the company’s U.S. sales at that plant. Fiocchi is proud of its slogan, “Italian by birth, American by choice.”

 

 

Who Uses a .357 SIG?

.357 Sig ammo

In the mid-1990s, Swiss-German arms manufacturer SIG Sauer teamed up with Federal Cartridge (now Federal Premium Ammunitions) to develop a new cartridge to rival the .357 Magnum. The team designed the .357 SIG after the .357 Mag to duplicate the performance of the .357 Mag while offering shooters a higher cartridge capacity to be used in semi-automatic pistols. The target audience was law enforcement, which never fully embraced the new round.

Development of the .357 SIG

The .357 SIG ammo was introduced in 1994, only four years after the S&W released their .40 cal. The .40 S&W had been commissioned by the FBI after the 1986 Miami shootout in which two agents were killed and five were wounded. The FBI had requested a new load that would have the power of a .45 with lower recoil and faster reloading time. Although the .40 S&W wasn’t a perfect replacement, it was readily adopted by law enforcement agencies throughout the U.S.

At that time, neither law enforcement agencies nor the public was ready to embrace another round for a semi-automatic weapon. Therefore, the .357 SIG never caught on despite its superior performance record.

Ballistics

SIG designed the original of .357 SIG ammo was .357”, but then reduced the overall size to .355”, making it easier to reload. SIG created the first bottleneck commercial handgun cartridge manufactured since the early 1960s. Like the .357 Mag, it uses a bullet with 125 grains. It boasts an average velocity of 1,450 FPS and muzzle energy that exceeds 500 ft. lbs. The shoulder is alpha/2=18 degrees. The common rifling twist rate is 406 mm (1 in 16 in), 6 grooves, Ø lands=8.71 mm, Ø grooves=9.02 mm, land width=2.69 mm. The primer type is small pistol.

Who Uses a .357 SIG?

The performance and smaller dimensions of the .357 SIG should make it a more popular cartridge among law enforcement, but it has never caught on. Many officers have chosen to adapt to a 9 mm Parabellum for their standard sidearm. It is a preferred round for many target shooters and those interested in home defense and self-defense. Unlike some smaller rounds, the .357 SIG is capable of causing hydrostatic shock, disabling, or even fatally wounding its targets upon impact.

Many large law enforcement agencies supply their officers with .357 SIG ammunition. Officers use the ammo in SIG Sauer models and Glock pistols. The Texas Highway Patrol adopted the round in 1995. The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) followed suit. They had previously given their troopers a choice between the SIG Sauer P220 in .45 ACP or the SIG Sauer P226 in 9mm. From 1998-2013, The DPS issued the SIG Sauer P226 chambered in .357 SIG as a standard sidearm for its commissioned officers.

 

 

Fighting Back Against Civil Asset Forfeiture

Citizens Fight Back Against Civil Asset Forfeiture

Civil Asset Forfeiture is not a new thing. It has been a part of international law for centuries. British military seized booty stolen by pirates on the open seas. Customs officials confiscated goods from smugglers. As a result of limited resources and murky borders, military, and law enforcement seemed to have little choice if they wanted to stop illegal activity.

Civil asset forfeiture has taken a turn for the worst, letting law enforcement agents seize property without proof of any crime. In most cases, the owner of the property will never get it back. People that fight the system spend thousands of dollars in legal fees without any guarantees. Defendants cannot have legal counsel, causing many to give up the fight before they’ve begun. Many believe that policing for profit has gone too far, but lack the information to fight back.

State Facts

Civil asset forfeiture laws vary widely from state to state. Lawmakers have introduced bills to change the law to protect citizens. Lawmakers are studying federal laws. The statistics below are as of 2018:

  • Federal court and 35 states require the owner to prove his innocence.
  • In 5 states, laws depend on the type of property seized.
  • In 10 states and the District of Columbia, the government has the burden of proof.
  • Some states require citizens fighting asset forfeiture to pay the state’s legal fees.
  • In 25 states, law enforcement keeps 100 percent of forfeited assets. In nine states, law enforcement retains 80 percent or more of seized assets.

Recent Reform

Several states are taking steps to restore rights to their people. The judiciary is speaking out against civil asset forfeiture on a regular basis. In June 2017, the DC Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of civil asset forfeiture victims. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas vehemently opposed civil asset forfeiture during a case in March 2017.

Recent reforms by the state include:

Arizona

In April 2017, the Arizona State Legislature unanimously passed a bill on civil asset reform. Lawmakers were not clear on the new law, but it raises the burden of proof for law enforcement agencies.

California

In January 2017, a new law took effect requiring a criminal conviction before seizing any assets valued less than $40,000.

Connecticut

Connecticut requires an arrest before assets can be seized. Assets must be returned unless there is a guilty plea or conviction.

Georgia

The State of Georgia passed a modest civil asset forfeiture law in 2015. The law requires transparency and that funds raised from forfeiture must be used directly for law enforcement. Despite the reform, Georgia remains at the top of states with the worst civil asset forfeiture laws.

Minnesota

The state legislature passed bill SF 874, requiring a criminal conviction or an admission of guilt in order to seize assets. The state is now responsible for the burden of proof.

New Mexico

The state legislature passed a sweeping reform requiring a criminal conviction for asset forfeiture. Additionally, the asset forfeiture fund is attached to the state’s general fund instead of the seizing police department.

Pennsylvania

In June 2017, Pennsylvania passed a law creating innocent owner protections and increasing the burden of proof on police departments involved in civil asset forfeiture cases. The law requires a hearing before property can be seized.

Tennessee

State Representative and former state trooper Barrett Rich introduced a bill requiring a warrant for seizure, but was voted down. An amended version was passed, requiring an immediate hearing for property owners.

Texas Citizens Fight Back

Texas has the worst civil asset forfeiture laws in the United States. Horror stories abound regarding forfeiture.  Texas Appleseed, a criminal justice reform advocacy group, has released a guide showing citizens how to fight back. Lawyers created a free toolkit for citizens. Defendants can use sample pleadings to fight forfeiture in court.

Jacqueline M. Allen, an attorney with Dykema, helped the group create the toolkit. “People in civil asset forfeiture cases do not have the right to court-appointed counsel, so this toolkit is designed to empower people with the knowledge they need to get their property back if they cannot afford to hire an attorney and if they cannot find free legal help.”

Protect Yourself

You may think it’s impossible to protect yourself against civil asset forfeiture. However, it’s not always the case. Below are tips that can help to protect you and your property:

  • Establish innocent ownership. You should require renters to sign a lease with a clause stating that illegal conduct is prohibited on your property.
  • Do thorough background checks on renters and house sitters.
  • Exercise dominion over your property. You should visit your rental property regularly and keep documentation of the visits.
  • If you carry large amounts of cash, obtain fresh bills from your bank. Nearly 90% of all money has drug deposits on it, which can be used as evidence of criminal activity.
  • Record actions taken to prevent illegal activity on any property that you own or rent.

Can Asymmetrical Warfare Succeed?

Modern-day militias

Merriam Webster defines asymmetrical warfare as “warfare that is between opposing forces which differ greatly in military power and that typically involves the use of unconventional weapons and tactics (such as those associated with guerrilla warfare and terrorist attacks).”

The term is linked to “guerrilla warfare,” “insurgency,” and “terrorism.” It is a violent conflict between a military faction and a less formal, and less equipped, but motivated opponent.

Traditionally, when two factions go to war, the sides tend to be “symmetrical,” i.e., equally matched in experience, weaponry, resources, and technology. The main difference between the two is their strategy and execution. In asymmetrical warfare, the sides are not equal. The military is well trained; it uses a centralized base, and is well resourced. The “weaker” side, typically non-military, does not have a centralized base or the same caliber of training. While these facts make the stronger side the apparent victor, that is not always the case.

History

Asymmetrical or militia warfare is not a new concept, nor is it connected only to the Western world. There is a multitude of history on citizens revolting against a government, tyrannical or otherwise. In fact, the first written reference details England’s 1181 Assize of Arms:

“He will possess these arms and will bear allegiance to the Lord King, Henry, namely the son of Empress Maud, and that he will bear these arms in his service according to his order and in allegiance to the lord king and his realm.”

The concept carries through countless battles throughout Europe as well as parts of Eastern Civilization. When the Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution, they included one of the aspects that allowed them to win the Revolutionary War – asymmetrical warfare in the form of militia.

“Congress shall have the power to: provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; to provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress.”

The Second Amendment added: “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.”

Rebels

Many people associate militia warfare with historical battles. Examples: the Battle of Thermopylae, the Battle of Crécy, the French Revolution, the American Revolutionary War, and the Vietnam War.

Modern-day militias are categorized in a different way as loyalties splinter. While some fight against the tyranny or government, others single out specific groups in a xenophobic fashion. Still others commit acts against foreign governments. Asymmetrical warfare, guerrilla warfare, and terrorism are often synonymous. However, by definition, they are not the same thing. One of the main differences is that terrorists prey upon innocent victims.

Modern warfare

Tactics

A major difference between symmetrical and asymmetrical warfare is the use of tactics. The military faction relies on political threats, a centralized base, formal communication systems, field training, weapons, government funding, and technology. What the non-military side lacks in formal resources, they often make up for in resolve and strategy. Decentralized communication and resources make it difficult for the enemy to sabotage funds and technology. A standard strategy is to break the resolve of the enemy. This is accomplished by attacking their infrastructure in small ways. Another main benefit, one that has often won the war, is knowing the lay of the land.

Terrain

Two of the most famous warmongers in history lend their wisdom to this topic.

Sun Tzu, author of the oft-quoted The Art of War, firmly believed that knowing the area in which a war was waged was vital, as was the potential dangers and distance: “Those who do battle without knowing these will lose.”

Likewise, Chairman Mao Zedong stated, “The guerrillas must move amongst the people as a fish swims in the sea.”

Militia tends to fight in the area in which they live and have trained. Knowing the terrain and its characteristics, hills, valleys, rivers, swamps, temperatures, wildlife, woods, and roadways, has won many wars. There are areas in which technology, including GPS, will offer little if any, help. Firsthand knowledge is key. It allows the rebels to hide, plan sneak attacks, plan multiple escape routes, or lure the enemy into treacherous territory. These tactics apply in both rural and urban areas.

In the American Revolutionary War, Patriot Lieutenant Colonel Francis Marion, a.k.a. the “Swamp Fox,” used knowledge of the South Carolina wilderness to confuse British forces.

In 1941, Yugoslav Partisans formed a militia throughout mountain villages and fought against the Third Reich by using knowledge of the rough terrain to survive. They forced their enemies back, managing to recover resources and grow into the Yugoslav Army.

Concealed Carry Weapons: Protecting Yourself in Public

Protecting Yourself

There is a lot of information out there about protecting yourself at home, but little about self-defense in unfamiliar places. It can be tricky if you don’t know the lay of the land, especially in a foreign country.  Whether you are out and about alone or with friends or family, it always pays to take certain precautions:

  • Park in well-lit areas.
  • Keep valuables out of reach of passersby.
  • Don’t go into strange areas alone at night.
  • Carry car keys in your hand when walking to your car.
  • Remain a minimum of a foot away from your car if you are unlocking it manually. (Some thieves will wait underneath a person’s car and grab their legs to pull them to the ground.)
  • Never flash money. Keep small bills on the outside if bills are folded over to dissuade thieves from thinking you have a lot of cash.
  • For women, always hold your purse by the body and not just the strap – thieves will cut the strap and make off the with the goods. Chances of catching them are almost nil.
  • Carry defense spray on your key chain for emergencies.
  • If you are in a foreign country, program emergency numbers into your phone to save precious moments in a time of crisis.
  • Carry a concealed weapon when possible.

Awareness and Avoidance

It’s crucial to be aware of your surroundings. This is especially true if you are in an unfamiliar situation – a strange city, foreign country, etc. Danger doesn’t always come from the creepy guy on the corner, or someone who happens to be walking down the same street. It can be the person sitting next to you at dinner who steals your credit card or someone casually walking through a parking lot at a shopping mall. Pay attention to your personal space. If someone is invading it when it isn’t necessary, move away. Part of self-defense is avoiding dangerous situations. Avoid talking on the phone while walking through potentially unsafe areas as it will distract you from your surroundings.

Self-preservation

There are times when confrontation cannot be avoided. Know how to protect yourself. Taking a self-defense class is paramount. If traveling with your family, teach children what to do in case of emergency. You can practice together to take away the fear factor.

If you are unarmed and confronted by someone with a gun who demands your money or jewelry, give it to them. Those items can be replaced; your life isn’t worth the risk. Make a mental note of the mugger so you can recall those details when reporting to the police.

If you are on equal ground and neither of you is carrying a weapon, fight dirty. Remember the following acronym: SING. Hit the person in the Solar plexus, stomp on his Instep, smash in his Nose, and lastly, hit him in the Groin. Nose, eyes and throat should be the first choice – if the mugger can’t see or breathe, he’s going to stop the attack. The groin, while common, may not be as effective if the person has been using substances. He simply won’t have the same pain reaction as someone who is sober.

Where appropriate and legal, carrying a concealed weapon may be your best line of defense. You also want to know how to handle a gun properly, so taking safety classes is a must. Also, be aware that the best weapon for a woman may not be the same as for a man. Do your research and find out which is the best gun for you. As always, drawing a weapon should be the last resort and, if you pull it, be prepared to use it.

Ins and Outs of Self-Defense

The increased awareness of violence in our society has been the impetus for citizens taking measures for protection whether it’s on the street, in a public venue, or in the safety of one’s home. Self-defense is the act of protecting oneself from harm. This generally means an act of aggression on the part of another. There are various forms of self-defense from calling law enforcement to avoidance, confrontation, and at times, the use of a weapon. Each has its benefit, but you should use the utmost care and intention. The decision of which method of self-defense to use is vital and depends upon the situation and the individuals.

Law Enforcement

In many cases, calling law enforcement is the best form of self-defense. Officers can deal with most situations in an effective manner. This may be the wisest choice if someone is prowling outside the home or following you on the street. There are times, however, when calling law enforcement may not be the best option. This is especially true if someone confronts you with violent conflict or police are not immediately available in your area.

Self-defense Techniques

Self-defense techniques vary widely from carrying a personal alarm to verbal de-escalation, although most people think of martial arts when it comes to physical self-defense. Most communities have programs wherein basic self-defense classes are offered. Gyms, martial arts schools, and community centers are good places to start when looking for training classes. Programs typically combine forms of martial arts to teach students how to avoid dangerous situations, get out of choke holds, or disarm a perpetrator. When considering a class, be sure that the instructor is qualified to teach and can offer the best instruction based on your physical health and situation. Once the class is over, don’t file away the information and forget it. Practice with family and friends to stay prepared.

Armed

Armed self-defense is common, particularly in a person’s home environment. However, with weapons there’s a chance that someone can get hurt. The most common form of armed self-defense is the use of a handgun. While it may be the most effective, the user needs to know how and when to use the weapon. An untrained person is far more dangerous than a criminal and more often than not will cause unnecessary damage.

Before choosing a handgun, do your homework. Research popular calibers and brands to learn which might be the best fit and then visit a reputable dealer who can give professional advice. Obviously, you will want to take safety training classes and practice on a regular basis even after you feel comfortable handling a weapon. Lastly, when it comes to using a weapon for self-defense, don’t ever pull it unless you intend to use it. And if you use it, make it count because you might not get another shot.

Everything You Need to Know About the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 2017

If you carry concealed, consider Wednesday, December 6, 2017, a good day. The United States House of Representatives voted in favor of H.R. 38 – Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 2017, voting 231 to 198. The vote went almost straight through party lines, with only 14 republicans voting nay and six democrats voting in favor of the second amendment supporting bill.

But what does H.R. 38 (and its Senate partner S. 446) do and what does it mean for those who carry concealed?

What to Know About the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act

It Protects the 2nd Amendment

Perhaps the most important aspect of H.R. 38, this bill protects the second amendment right to bear arms. Without this bill, law-abiding, CC-permit-carrying gun owners were limited in their ability to provide personal self defense when crossing some state lines. While some states already offered reciprocity, many did not. This lack of reciprocity means that even after going through the process to get a CC license or permit, you could break the law just by crossing state lines. Yet with the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 2017, if you have a valid permit or license from one state, it’s valid across all state lines. This holds true even when entering a “May-Issue” state, which have stricter gun laws, such as California and New York.

It Strengthens Federal Background Checks

While gun-control supporters may see H.R. 38 as loosening gun restrictions, that’s not quite the case. The Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act includes the Fix NICS Act, which strengthens federal background checks completed on the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS). The bipartisan bill penalizes agencies that fail to report criminal records to the FBI and gives incentives for those who improve reporting. It also uses federal funds to ensure those charged with domestic violence get reported.

It Makes CC Permits More Like Driver’s Licenses

When you become licensed to drive in Pennsylvania, you can drive in any state within the US, as long as you have your license on you and abide by the laws in the state you’re currently in. With the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 2017, your CC license or permit will have similar rights and regulations. Those who have already completed the process of getting a CC permit in their own state can cross state lines with their concealed carry weapon as long as they follow the rules of the state they’re in, have their valid CC permit or license on their person, and carry a valid form of identification.

Things H.R. 38 Doesn’t Do

Regardless of how someone spins it, the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act of 2017 does:

  • NOT make it easier for someone to purchase a gun
  • NOT give those who shouldn’t carry access to guns
  • NOT provide criminals with guns
  • NOT increase gun violence*

*Research shows that, as a whole, people who obtain their concealed carry permits tend to be more law-abiding than the general public, and even the police.

4 Self Defense Weapons Every Woman Should Carry

When it comes to self defense weapons, there’s more out there than mace and oversized flashlights. Maybe you don’t think you’re at risk, so protecting yourself doesn’t seem necessary. Perhaps you think carrying one weapon, say a mini revolver, is enough to protect you, regardless of what happens.

But what if an attacker comes from behind? What happens if he kicks your gun out of your hand?

Don’t leave yourself vulnerable. These four self defense weapons can keep you safe in a variety of situations.

Concealed Carry Firearm

While you shouldn’t solely relay on a pistol for self defense, don’t leave home without one. If you’re unsure what’s the best self defense gun for women, choose one you can control, but still has stopping power. And always use self defense ammunition.

Tactical Knife

If you need a self defense weapon in close range, you may not have time to draw your handgun. In these cases, go for a good quality tactical knife. Find one that’s lightweight and has at least a three inch blade for self defense. Chances are you won’t kill someone with a knife, but in a tight situation, you can cut and run, getting out of the situation as fast as you can.

Pepper Spray

In some cases, you may not want to use your firearm, or even your knife. Maybe you don’t have your gun on you or maybe you know your perpetrator. Over 80% of rape victims know their assailant. Pepper spray is easy, quick, and more effective than you may think. It works just as good on dogs as it does people, and you can spray it behind you as you run away. But remember, pepper spray doesn’t stop your attacker. It only slows them.

Kubaton

A keychain weapon, a kubaton (sometimes kubotan) is made from a hard plastic or metal, no more than 5.5 inches long, and about a half inch in diameter. You can use it strike an attacker or to apply extreme leverage or pressure. These self defense weapons blend in with your keys and others rarely notice them as a striker. What’s more, when your kubaton’s on your key ring, you always have it nearby.

What Makes a Good Self Defense Ammo?

When it comes to self defense, you spent a lot of time deciding what gun to choose. Whether you opted for a snubnose revolver or 1911 pistol, a 9mm or .45, you researched which would be best for you and your needs and, ideally, even tried a few out before deciding. But did you do the same with your self defense ammo? Or did you just pull some off the shelf and fill your clip? Worse yet, are you walking around with range shells?

What You Need in Self Defense Ammo

When you have a self defense weapon, you have it to protect yourself. And to protect yourself, you need to be able to stop a threat, as quickly and thoroughly as possible.

Frankly, some bullets can’t make those kinds of promises.

That’s why you need good self defense ammunition, it has what range ammo doesn’t. Stopping power.

Full Metal Jacket vs. Hollow Points

When you’re looking at handgun bullets, you have two options: full metal jacket (FMJ) or hollow point.

The lead bullet in a FMJ is totally encased in a hard metal, forcing it to keep its form as it propels towards its target. Upon impact, a FMJ bullet mostly holds its shape and penetrates deeply.

The lead bullet in a hollow point is only partially covered in metal. When shot, these bullets hold their shape while travelling. Once they impact their target, the lead expands, causing the bullet to both slow down and grow in diameter. This leads to a larger impact area and less penetration.

Which is exactly what you want in a self defense situation. The hollow point solves two problems. First, it increases your bullet’s stopping power, making a 9mm and even a .380, powerful enough for self defense.

Second, self defense ammunition expands on impact, significantly slowing its penetration. In a confined or public setting, where self defense situations are likely to occur, this is a big deal. FMJ bullets like to travel, strong and fast, and sometimes pass through their target, potentially putting others in harm’s way. With hollow point bullets, over penetration isn’t an issue.

If have a self defense weapon, carry self defense ammo. You’re not protecting yourself if you don’t.

Handguns – The Best Home Self Defense Tool

We live in the world of great uncertainties. Anyone can observe this fact. Danger could be lurking anywhere and it is easy to see why so many people feel unsafe. Since the beginning of the 21st century, a multitude of new problems has appeared. In many regions of the world, conflicts are spawning terrorism and global insecurity. This also creates a huge overflow of illegal weapons.

At the same time, economic hardship and financial insecurity are a factor. People are continually pushed into a life of crime, where they often get their hands on those illegal weapons. These are then used in scenarios like robberies, carjackings, muggings and most frighteningly, home invasions and residential attacks.

These are especially gruesome and terrifying because they take place in and around the victim’s home. This is the place where they and their families should feel most secure. This is the exact reason where there is a need for an effective home self defense tool that could save lives if residents of any home should face an imminent threat or some other serious danger. These tools are handguns and with one of these, everyone could sleep tight and not worry about their safety.

Advantages to Handguns

Handguns have many advantages when it comes to being a reliable self-defense ally. With a minimal amount of training, anyone can learn how to handle and used them, even in the case of an emergency. On the other hand, all handguns present a formidable force in any enclosed space like a house or an apartment. In this kind of an environment, any single attacker or even multiple intruders that would come across a person with a loaded handgun can be stopped right in their tracks.

At the same time, getting everything needed for this defensive tool was never easier. There are many options for choosing the most suitable handgun. The market for handguns is huge and many of these have different characteristics when it comes to performance, magazine size, weight and so forth, but all of them are more than effective in a home self-defense role.

Handgun Ammo

The same fact is also true for their ammo. Today, everyone can find ammo online and purchase the amount and type they need while the same is true for classes and training on using and handling guns. Because of these factors, getting a handgun and learning how to use it was never more accessible.

Looking at all of these advantages of owning a handgun and using it as a home self defense tool, it is clear that with one of them, every individual or family can feel much safer in their place of residence.

How To Make Sure Your Fiocchi Ammo Serves You Well In Self Defense

Self defense and ammo are terminologies that feature quite prominently in the current world. Insecurity, crime, burglary and other forms of attack have been increasing at an alarming rate. More often than not, we hear about people getting attacked or shot at their own homes or offices. Such incidences have influenced people to acquire ammo as a way of protecting themselves as well as their families. Using the ammo in the right way guarantees you of maximum satisfaction. The ammo will only serve you well if you follow the guideline below:

Right Product

Prior to acquiring a new rifle, shot gun, hand gun as well as bullets, it is important to find the best product in the market. Is the ammo dealer reputable? Will the product serve me right? What is the public’s opinion concerning the particular brand? What sort of opinions and reviews does the brand get? Such kinds of questions help in making the right decision. Over the years, brands such as Fiocchi ammo have become popular choices in regard to self defense.

Practice

The ammo is as good as your skill! Having the best gun or rifle and high caliber bullet is not all there is to being well prepared in case of an attack. It is also important to also know how to use the accessories. In fact, an experienced person who lacks a good set is more likely to survive an incident compared to an inexperienced person with the best armory. The secret is to practice as often as possible.

Easy Storage and Proper Maintenance of Fiocchi Ammo

No one knows the time that an attacker or intruder will enter your home. Also, it is not possible to be carrying your loaded gun with you all the time. Such limitations call for being able to access the gun or rifle easily and conveniently. It should be stored in a safe location that can be accessed easily. The gun should also be kept in a cool and dry region and regularly maintained. This minimizes the possibility of it jamming when you need it most.

Buying a gun, rifle and related accessories such as bullets should not be taken lightly. A lot of care and due diligence should be observed while making a purchase. Many people overlook issues such as stopping power, recoil, weight of the gun, type of bullets and more. However, this should not happen. It is important to take time when choosing the right product. This is the only way it will serve you well.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Gun Ownership

The number of people that own guns all over the world has been increasing over the years because of rampant insecurity. Most hunters have also moved from the use of arrows and spears to using guns because guns are more accurate and effective. There are some families that own more than one gun but it is always a good idea to acquire it legally. Other people think that gun ownership is impractical and unnecessary, but that is not necessarily the case. Although a gun is important when it comes to self defense, it’s important to acknowledge the fact that guns can also bring harm. This article will highlight some of the major advantages and disadvantages of gun ownership.

Gun Storage

Some people store guns in their homes while others always carry them around but it is advisable to use the gun in a responsible manner. You can always defend yourself against attackers and criminals when you have a very effective weapon like a gun. It is always advisable to go for gun ownership when you really need it instead of buying it for the sake of buying. A gun offers quite a number of security benefits despite the fact that it can be quite a frightening thing. It is always advisable to use your gun safely and properly if you do not want to be deregistered.

Is Gun Ownership a Good Idea?

You never know when you will be attacked across the street or at home and that is why gun ownership is always a good idea. Most hunters agree that it is easy to kill a large animal because of the enormous force provided by a handgun compared to when they use other weapons. Hunters do not need to run around chasing their game but only need to shoot from a distance.

Disadvantages of Guns

It is good to know that guns have a great deal of disadvantages despite their good aspects. To begin with, the risk of violence and accidents is very high when the wrong people have access guns. Kids can get hold of a gun and accidentally shoot others or themselves out of curiosity. There are many instances where people that own guns have shot someone accidentally thinking that they’re intruders. People often commit suicide with guns. It’s important that a gun be in the hands of someone responsible. There are some designated places where one can buy guns and ammunition and a perfect example is Winchester ammo.

Prepping With Remington Ammunition

With so much uncertainty in today’s government and around the world, prepping has become a new trend. People are preparing to be able to survive in the case of disasters that take them off of the grid or in the case of an outbreak of disease. People want to know that they have all that they need in order to be able to make it own their own without having to rely on stores, shops or even other people. One of the major items that they are stocking up on is Remington ammunition. Having plenty of ammo will ensure that they are able to defend themselves and their family.

Stocking Up on Ammunition

Stocking up on ammunition will also help people to know that they will be able to hunt for food in order to feed their family when there are no more grocery stores to do their shopping for food in. No matter where you live, in a large city or a small town or even a rural area you may find that you will become in need of a large stock of ammunition should things get off course in our country. Owning more than one type of gun isn’t such a bad idea either. You may even choose to teach your family members how to use a gun in order to make sure that the entire family is able to help take care of one another in times of crisis.

Ammunition is going to be one of the most popular items that preppers can have. Should you find yourself in a crisis situation without any ammo you will want to have a plan that allows you defend yourself as well as collect food for your family. One thing you may find is that you are going to have a hard time getting ammo once the crisis has started and certainly won’t be able to get ammo from those that have spent months and years prepping for the crisis.

Other Ways to Prep Yourself

Make the smart decision and prepare yourself and your family. Having an abundance of ammo, food, water, medications and other crucial items should be a goal that you set for your family. You may find that having a large stock of these items can very well save your life and the lives of your family. It’s not too late to start your stockpiling of ammo and other items today.

The Debate Over Using Guns for Self Defense

Let’s start by looking at some statistics regarding guns for self defense.

  • People use guns 2.5 million times every year in self defense. This means that guns are used 80 times more to protect lives than to take them.
  • Of those 2.5 million times, the gun owner only waves their gun or fires a warning shot. An attacker is killed or wounded 8% of the time.
  • A study found that the Police shot and killed 1,527 people in one year. This compared to 606 people shot and killed by citizens using guns for self defense.

An innocent person mistaken for a criminal and shot and killed by a citizen in self defense accounted for 2% of that 606.

The Police percentage of innocent people mistaken for a criminal and shot and killed accounted for 11% of their 1,527. That is almost five times higher than the citizen percentage.

Tragedy Prompts Inquiry

The Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on 14th December 2012, in Newtown, Connecticut shocked the world. Adam Lanza, aged 20, shot his mother dead before driving to the school and shooting dead twenty children and six members of staff. He shot himself in the head as paramedics arrived.

After the tragedy, President Obama asked researchers to assess the existing gun studies and recommend new studies.

Results of the Inquiry

The assessment carried out by the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council cited studies carried out between the years of 1988 and 2004. These showed that victims of crime who use guns for self defense suffer consistently less injuries than victims of crime who use whatever is to hand and / or other strategies, such as stalling for time, phoning the Police or using knives or baseball bats for self defense.

In the 2004 study assessed by the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council, Gary Kleck (renowned Criminologist at Florida State University) and Jongyeon Tark (Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of New Haven) examined if the use of guns as self defense would result in:

  • The loss of property
  • The victim of crime receiving a minor injury
  • The victim of crime receiving a serious injury

Conclusions of the Inquiry

They discovered that using a gun for self defense actually reduced the chance of all three things happening. Using a gun for self defense resulted in an injury in only 10% of incidents.

The Institute also concluded that more research is necessary. The effectiveness of guns used in self defense varies depending on the crime and the circumstances of that crime, as well as the victim and the criminal.

The assessment also reviewed a study done in 2013 which found that since 1999, many more people own guns for self defense than for hunting or other shooting related activities.

The debate will continue.

Best Training for Self Defense

Self defense is a vital component to healthier living. Living your life knowing how to protect yourself and your family is so important. You need to know how to stay safe and keep away from the bad guys. The hardest part is doing it right and being able to know what works best for protecting yourself as much as possible. In this article, you’ll get a ton of great ways of training for self defense and learning to protect yourself successfully.

Training for Self Defense: Learning to Use a Gun

It is highly recommended to go out of your way and begin to train yourself to use a fun because this is the best way to stay safe. For example, learning the basics and knowing all about ammo can be very useful for when a moment happens where you need a gun and a specific type of ammo. You must know the difference between a 10mm auto ammo and other bullets. Choosing a good gun and being trained to use it wisely is your best bet if you want to stay safe. Do not be a reckless fun owner where you don’t care about the other people who are around you. Be sensitive to how others are knowing you have a gun, so be sure to know how to care for it and know how to use it the right way.

Jiu Jitsu / Karate / Self Defense Classes

Jiu Jitsu and Karate are two very good activities you and the entire family can get into in order to help educate yourself on protecting yourself. It is a nice little way to train yourself to know about basic self defense and keeping yourself safe. It is not easy to understand the basics of self defense. Taking generic and basic self defense classes along will already be helpful for you on understanding the basics of it all when protecting yourself against others.

In this crazy world where people are always changing, you need to know when and where you’re safe. Knowing how to protect yourself and keeping yourself safe is not easy, but if you try the tips above, you may be able to know what to do in order for you to stay away from predators and crazy people who may want to harm you. Without taking action beforehand, you may not know how to handle the situation. Training yourself is much easier when you know what to do when danger and harm comes.

7.62x54r – Red Army Ammunition for Self Defense

7.62x54r, also known as the “7.62 Russian,” comes with a cartridge that is powerful, reliable and extremely versatile. Able to offer excellent performance in the military field and in the hunting field. In the late 1880s, two icons of weapon design joined forces to give rise to a BB legend. Russian Sergei Mosin and the Belgian Léon Nagant were the authentic progenitors of the 7.62x54r, a cartridge originally created to feed the legendary Soviet rifle Mosin-Nagant.

Thus, the birth of the “7.62 Russian” is closely linked to Mosin-Nagant’s entry into military rifles in 1891. Since then and until today, 7.62x54r has been progressively consolidated its position of leadership within the weapons of Soviet origin. This cartridge is still officially feeding weapons of the Russian army. As well as a good part of the countries that were under Soviet influence during the Cold War.

History of the Red Army’s 7.62x54r

The prominence of this ammunition has just increased since the Red Army adopted it as its official gauge in 1891 . The cartridge designed for Mosin Nagant participated in both world wars. In 1959, after the arrival of the Warsaw Pact, became official ammunition of countries linked to the Communist bloc.

In terms of their behavior, the “7.62 Russian” has excellent ballistic properties, like the popular American cartridge.30-06. This has helped the 7.62x54r to become the main ammunition of military rifles and weapons sniper during a good set of years.

7.62x54r Today

Today, in the 21st century and after that have passed more than 120 years since its first public appearance, 7.62x54r ammo still has a significant presence both in the military sphere and within the sector of sport shooting. In the first case, yet there are many military weapons that use this cartridge, as for example the rifle Dragunov SVD. Even the armed forces of some nations like China or Finland are still recognizing him as one of their official gauges.

Sportier Side

Regarding his sportier side, it was mostly during the second half of the 20th century when the use of this caliber began to expand to other areas. Specifically, the first who enjoyed the virtues of this powerful weapon was the hunting sector. Therefore had to take hold of new projectiles, both soft tip (soft point) as fully shielded (full metal jacket), which offered an excellent result in the depletion of game pieces.

Within this more sporty aspect, 7.62x54r also has incorporated in recent years to aesthetic military weapons designed for precision shooting. A good example of this presence in this type of weapons comes from the hand of the civil versions of the Dragunov, which include the Tiger model.

As a historical curiosity, an American weapon, the lever Winchester M1895 rifle, furnishes this cartridge. Even though, it is linked to the Red Army and a symbol of the Communist bloc. Additionally, for a few years it was one of the official gauges of the Spanish Civil Guard. There was a large amount of this ammunition in Spain at the end of their Civil War.

The year 2011, met 120 years of the official birth of 7.62x54r. A figure which makes it one of the more ancient cartridges, though not so old-fashioned. Despite this the demand for this ammunition is on the rise in recent years. This is thanks to its use in heavy machine guns, sniper rifles and sporting guns and hunting.

How to Choose a Handgun

Handguns are the most popular self defense weapons in the world. However, with so many models, caliber options, and styles available, selecting the perfect handgun can prove to be a daunting task. Let’s first talk about why we choose a handgun in the first place.

Why Choose a Handgun

Handguns lack the range and stopping power of rifles but are also portable and are perfect as concealed weapons. Therefore, if you want a weapon that’s small enough to fit inside a briefcase or a glove compartment and provide decent level of protection, handguns are your best bet. Here’s our list of 3 things you need to check that will ensure you select the best handgun every time.

Selecting a Size

The size of the handgun totally depends on the way you are going to carry it around. If you are looking for a gun that will always be concealed you might want to go for a smaller frame. There is a wide range of 9mm compact pistols and .380 super light pistols available in the market. Anything heavier and bigger might make it uncomfortable to carry it for long hours in a pocket or a bag.

However, if you are selecting a gun for your home and have no intention of concealing it, then it’s advisable to go for the larger framed models. Select ones that can fire larger caliber rounds and have longer barrel length. This will make sure your gun has more stopping power and accuracy.

Selecting A Caliber

This is one of the most crucial decisions when selecting any gun. To be sure, go to the firing range and fire handguns with different calibers. You might be tempted to go for the larger calibers but be sure you are comfortable holding and firing the handgun you select.

There is no point in selecting a hand-cannon if you fail to hit the target when you need it the most. The 9mm and .380 pistols are easier to control as they have less recoil and barrel jumps when fired. Once considered to be large calibers the 357 Sig ammo or the 357 magnum is now considered to be intermediate calibers. They have more stopping power but has slightly more recoil than the 9mm and .380 pistols. The large caliber handguns which fire .45 rounds and more have the best stopping power. However, a shooter needs to train himself or herself to deal with the recoils and barrel jumps.

Reliability

A reliability of a handgun is a matter of life and death. You need to be sure that every time you take it out of the holster and pull the trigger the gun is going to do what it’s meant to do. Unfortunately there is no set parameter to measure reliability. Therefore, it’s best to avoid experimentation and go for reputed brands. You can also read user reviews before deciding on a particular model. There are plenty of review videos available on YouTube so check them out before making that final call.

Glock – The Ideal Self Defense Weapon

Often, in the modern world, danger can seem ever-present. As the world continues to change rapidly, new threats continue to emerge as well. These threats come in a wide range: small-scale terrorism operations, acts of random violence and many other dangerous situations. Because of them, there are plenty of reasons to be diligent about the issue of protection. But, there is a way of being prepared for any situation which might pose a threat to a person or their loved ones, and it is called a Glock.

What Makes a Glock Ideal?

This handgun offers a complete solution when it comes to self-defense. It’s also simple and affordable. Additionally, when this handgun is equipped with 357 SIG ammunition, the result is a force that can stop any assailant right in their tracks.

History

Glock Ges, an Austrian firearms company, produced the first Glock several decades ago. Police all over the world use the handgun. This is thanks to its great precision, quality, design ingenuity and reliability. Today, almost two third of all guns sold to the US law enforcement agencies belong to the Glock family.

Key Features

One of the key features that make this firearm efficient for protection is the fact that is produced from a polymer frame. This makes it very light and easy for handling, carrying and concealing. At the same time, novice gun owners can quickly learn how to use it in a firing range. People who have never fired a gun or don’t have much strength will easily be able to use a Glock.

This fact, alongside its extremely low instance of any kind of failure like ammo jams, make the Glock very reliable. Also, the .357 type of ammunition is the perfect match for this gun, and just like the firearm, it is the first choice for many law enforcement agencies. Produced by SIG Sauer, a famous Swiss-German company, this ammo has an excellent balance of accuracy and sheer stopping power. A Glock 15 plus 1 round magazine capacity can deliver a powerful punch.

A Glock pistol, loaded with SIG Sauer ammo, is a fantastic home defense and personal protection weapon.